There are different causes of prostatitis in men. Each type of inflammation in the prostate gland is caused by its own factors that adversely affect the male body. Knowing what exactly leads to prostatitis, a person can protect himself from this pathology. To do this, it is enough for him not to be exposed to the negative influence of an aggressive environment and to take care of his own health.
Classification of prostatitis
Before finding out what causes prostatitis, it is necessary to understand the classification of this disease. Experts divide it into several types. They are distinguished from each other by symptoms and causes. If you suspect the development of prostatitis in men who came to the appointment, the urologist will first try to identify a type of pathological process. Inflammation in the prostate gland can be:
- Acute bacterial.It is considered the most dangerous form of diseases of the genitourinary system. Caused by an acute infection that gets inside the body;
- Chronic bacterial.It has a permanent character. The disease makes itself felt with each exacerbation;
- Abacterial.It is caused by specific causes of prostatitis, which are caused by the absence of damage to the gland by pathogenic microorganisms;
- Asymptomatic.The most difficult to diagnose, as it proceeds without obvious signs of malaise. It is possible to identify the disease only after conducting a study of the genitourinary system.
Each type of prostatitis has its own causes.
Each classification has its own manifestation. Thanks to them, doctors are able to distinguish different types of disease from each other. Correct calculation of the cause of prostatitis helps to determine the form of inflammation.
An acute inflammatory process in the gland is the easiest to diagnose and treat. It is usually caused by colds and severe hypothermia. The disease gives out a high body temperature and a fever. With such symptoms, the patient needs to see a doctor.
The acute form of the disease is often accompanied by painful sensations in the perineum, groin, genitals and anus. The severity of the main signs of malaise in men depends on the cause of prostatitis. Usually, acute inflammation begins after infection of the prostate gland. Unfortunately, its source in most cases is almost impossible to determine. Such a disease needs to be treated immediately. The longer a man will delay with therapy, the more chances that prostatitis will become chronic.
Chronic prostatitis develops due to the fact that a man, for certain reasons, did not have time to cure the acute course of the disease in time. Most often, this is exactly what happens, since few people try to turn to a specialist for help at the first sign of malaise.
Chronic prostatitis has many symptoms that cause severe discomfort. Regardless of the cause, the disease manifests itself along with difficulty or frequent urination, pain in the lower abdomen, and also a violation of sexual life. Chronic prostatitis is very persistent. Therefore, with the help of standard therapy, you will definitely not be able to get rid of it.
Prostatitis, which is characterized by a chronic course, helps to identify persistent pain. A sharp decline in the quality of sex life is also an alarming signal. If such signs are found, an urgent need to consult a specialist. With such a diagnosis, it is impossible to refuse treatment, as this will cause the appearance of a number of serious health complications.
Abacterial prostatitis is usually caused by congestion in the prostate gland and other pelvic organs. It has almost all the symptoms that characterize past types of inflammatory disease.
Causes of bacterial prostatitis
Many men are interested in what causes bacterial prostatitis and why the disease occurs. Its name already indicates the main cause of the pathology. This disorder can be provoked by the pathogenic microflora, which in various ways enters the genitourinary system and gets to the prostate. There are a number of other factors that cause inflammation. They increase the likelihood of getting sick. The attending physician must necessarily determine and familiarize himself with the cause that caused the pathology in order to select the most optimal course of treatment for the patient.
Both pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms can provoke bacterial prostatitis.
Bacterial prostatitis occurs due to damage to the organs of the genitourinary system by the following pathogens:
- Escherichia coli;
- Treponema pale.
When asking a doctor about what causes a man to have prostatitis, the patient should get the most accurate answer from him. The specialist will tell you that this form of the disease is most often sexually transmitted through unprotected contact, since its causative agent may be microorganisms that provoke the development of venereal pathologies.
Bacterial prostatitis is caused by the following causes and factors:
- Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system, which occur in acute or chronic form;
- Genetic predisposition;
- Promiscuous sex life;
- Prolonged abstinence from sex;
- Unprotected intimate relationships;
- Sedentary lifestyle;
- Weak immunity;
- Overweight and obesity;
- Having bad habits.
It is very easy to get prostatitis from hypothermia during the cold season. Colds are dangerous not only for men, but also for women. In their case, severe hypothermia of the body is fraught with the development of cystitis.
Many factors that negatively affect the body, such as hypothermia, can provoke an exacerbation of prostatitis.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis, which can occur due to the lack of timely treatment, in most cases occurs in a latent form. The man does not even notice that unhealthy changes are taking place in his body. The disease reminds of itself only in moments of exacerbation. If the patient is influenced by unfavorable factors, then the chronic form of prostatitis is quickly replaced by an acute one. After that, painful symptoms appear, which force the man to go to the urologist.
An exacerbation of chronic prostatitis can happen for any reason. To avoid this, a man does not need to overcool, succumb to stress and strong feelings, and also allow infection with viral diseases.
Recurrence of prostatitis is sometimes caused by an operation on the organs of the genitourinary system.
Causes of congestive prostatitis
Patients ask urologists about what causes congestive prostatitis. Many experts are confidently of the opinion that this form of inflammatory disease is caused by the following reasons:
- Psychosomatic disorders;
- Congestion, that is, stagnation of biological fluids;
- Violation of the processes of microcirculation and hemodynamics in the small pelvis.
This is what causes abacterial (congestive) prostatitis. It is diagnosed when the patient has a congestion state. This is the name of stagnation of secretions in the prostate gland. This is due to the lack of proper drainage and blood filling of the pelvic veins. Because of this, they are overfilled in the area of the lower vesicular and prostatic plexus.
It is believed that congestion in the small pelvis along with chronic pelvic pain syndrome can lead to the development of chronic prostatitis. The following factors increase this probability several times:
- Severe hypothermia of the body;
- The practice of interrupted intercourse as the main method of contraception;
- Sedentary lifestyle;
- Chronic nicotine intoxication.
The main reasons also include concomitant pathologies that are related to the development of varicose veins located in the pelvic region. Also, this group includes violations in the work of the rectum and a failure of the motor function of the intestine. All these factors are the definitive answer to the questions about why prostatitis appears.
Congestive prostatitis is called the disease of office workers, so physical activity after work is a must
If a man begins to show signs of prostatitis, he should immediately consult a urologist for medical help. The sooner he does this, the faster he will get rid of the unpleasant disease. Unfortunately, its first symptoms appear after some time, therefore, in the early stages of development, the inflammatory process in the gland can only be detected during a routine examination. Diagnosis of the chronic course of bacterial prostatitis has the most difficulties. This is because it is not able to appear with pronounced signs. They are usually so weak that a person practically does not notice them.
Doctors understand that the prostate gland is affected by a disease such as prostatitis, which is diagnosed only in men, after examining the results of the patient's tests and studies:
- Clinical analysis of urine and blood.Helps to identify inflammation in the body and other important indicators that are needed for a diagnosis;
- Prostate secretion analysis.Reveals the presence or absence of an infectious agent that could lead to a violation;
- Bacteria susceptibility tank.It is necessary when bacterial prostatitis is detected for the correct selection of antibiotic therapy;
- Blood test for prostate-specific antigen. PSA level determines the current problems in the work of the glandular organ;
- General history.It is collected at the very beginning of the diagnosis. The study evaluates subfebrile temperature, the frequency of inflammation and dyrus disorders;
- Instrumental diagnostics.The urologist will be able to see the full picture of the disease after the patient undergoes a study of the genitourinary system using TRUS, digital rectal examination and MRI. If the disease is latent, PET-CT will help identify it.
Before treating a disease, a specialist must be sure of the correctness of his diagnosis. If necessary, he can consult with other narrow-profile specialists who also treat prostatitis and identify its causes.
Sometimes a urologist will refer a man to an oncologist for an examination. This is because neglected prostatitis can one day lead to overgrowth of glandular tissue. Against this background, the patient shows signs of prostate adenoma or cancer. The oncologist will carry out standard procedures with the patient that allow to identify the malignant course of pathological processes in the prostate.
After a complete diagnosis, the patient will be able to start treatment for prostatitis. The entire course should take place under the full supervision of a specialist so that he can monitor the effectiveness of therapy.