Congestive prostatitis is a disease that occurs against the background of dysfunction of the prostate gland. The main reason for the development of the disease is congestion in the prostate. A similar pathology can develop in men of all ages. Recently, cases of detection of this disease in young people have become more frequent.
The occurrence of stagnation in the prostate always indicates the development of an inflammatory process that prevents the full functioning of the male prostate gland. The process of blood outflow becomes difficult, and the gland ceases to be completely emptied, as a result of which stagnation of its secretion occurs.
Very often this disease develops against the background of chronic prostatitis. Therefore, the patient may not be aware of the presence of stagnant processes in his body for a long time.
Prostate congestion can occur for a variety of reasons. As a rule, this disease is non-bacterial and manifests itself due to the influence of the following factors:
- Lack of constant intimate life. Frequent excitement without subsequent ejaculation, inconsistent sexual contacts, incomplete ejaculation, frequent sex after prolonged abstinence can lead to the appearance of stagnant processes.
- Anatomical features. If a person has insufficient venous valves or weakness of the walls of the veins of the urogenital plexus.
- Spinal injuries, as well as diseases such as herniated discs or osteochondrosis. With physical damage to the spine, it is possible that a prolonged spasm of the vessels of the prostate gland occurs.
- Frequent hypothermia of the body, work in a room with active air conditioning, the presence of drafts, and so on.
- Bad habits - smoking, alcohol abuse. As a result, the patient may experience paralysis of the small vessels of the genitourinary system.
- Chronic fever in the pelvic area. This phenomenon can also be attributed to anatomical features.
- Frequent colitis and diarrhea.
- Eating problems, dehydration.
According to most experts, the main cause of stagnation lies in the varicose veins of the lower extremities. In this case, there is a violation of the blood circulation of the pelvic organs, because of which the prostate begins to fill with blood.
Often the cause of the disease can be an inflammatory process localized in the pelvic organs or rectum. Also, the disease can be caused by hormonal disruptions.
Various acute or chronic infections can also provoke stagnant processes in the prostate. The penetration of infection into the prostate gland occurs through the urethra. Also, infection is possible through the rectum, through the blood or lymphatic vessels.
Who is at risk
Constant sedentary work is a direct road to stagnant prostatitis.
Despite the fact that this disease develops suddenly, it can be completely prevented if provoking factors are excluded from everyday life. At risk of developing stagnant processes in the prostate are:
- People with a sedentary lifestyle. First of all, we are talking about those people who work while sitting.
- Patients suffering from frequent constipation.
- People who eat irregularly and neglect healthy, nutritious food.
- Smokers and people with severe alcohol dependence.
In most cases, this disease is characterized by an asymptomatic course, and therefore it is almost impossible to determine its presence at home. The first sign of ailment is the presence of pain in the perineal region. It usually gets worse with walking. Nevertheless, the disease has certain symptoms, which should be discussed in more detail.
The main symptoms of congestive prostatitis are:
- Decreased potency and sex drive. Deterioration of erection.
- Decrease in sperm quantity, decrease in its consistency.
- Frequent premature ejaculation.
- Decreased orgasm quality.
- Constant burning sensation in the urethra and bladder.
- Problems with urination, which is intermittent and painful.
- There are aching pains in the groin that extend to the sacrum or inner thigh.
- There is constant burning and discomfort in the bladder and urethra.
Nonspecific symptoms of congestive prostatitis include general weakness, decreased performance, sleep disorders, and general irritability.
At the moment, congestion in the prostate can be observed with the following types of prostatitis:
- Chronic.As a rule, it develops in the absence of regular sex life or its replacement by masturbation. Obesity, interruption of intercourse, stress, poor blood supply, a sedentary lifestyle - all these factors ultimately lead to the development of chronic prostatitis. In chronic prostatitis, ejaculate is usually secreted in the form of clots. Prostate massage or intercourse can improve the patient's condition, but the effect will be short-lived.
- Venous.Appears in the presence of pathologies of the venous system. If a patient is diagnosed with varicose veins, as a result of which there is an accumulation of venous blood in the venous system of the small pelvis, then stagnant processes can be localized in the prostate gland. The consequence of this is prostatitis.
- Congestive.It occurs due to incomplete emptying of parts of the prostate gland, as a result of which it is constantly in a state of overflow with blood, which contributes to the development of inflammation. Most often, this form of prostatitis occurs in middle-aged men.
- Infectious.In this case, the cause of the disease is an infection that enters the prostate gland through the genitourinary system. If this happens against the background of the course of cognitive prostatitis, then the inflammatory process increases, and the patient's general condition worsens.
Prostate echotomography will help to accurately determine the picture of the disease.
Diagnostic measures must necessarily include palpation of the prostate, as well as examination of the posterior urethra. This is the basis for the diagnosis of prostatitis, allowing the specialist to determine decreased or increased sensitivity. Also, the presence of an ailment is evidenced by the release of a meager aseptic secretion.
Further, if the doctor suspects the development of the disease, the patient is sent for a rheography of the prostate. This procedure is well tolerated by patients, taking an average of about fifteen minutes. According to the results of rheography, it is possible to identify violations of the venous outflow, to obtain basic information about the state of the vessels - their elasticity and integrity.
If blood flow to the tissues of the gland is difficult, then this indicates the presence of degenerative changes.
To confirm the diagnosis and obtain additional information, the following procedures apply:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Prostate echotomography.
You cannot do without laboratory diagnostic methods, which involve passing the following tests:
- Urine tests.Includes general urine analysis, triple study and microflora culture. In the course of these analyzes, pathogenic microflora, including chlamydia, are most often not detected.
- Blood tests.We are talking about thromboelastography and coagulogram.
- Analysis of ejaculate and prostate secretions.Most often, with congestive prostatitis, leukocytosis is not detected. However, the sample contains images of columnar and squamous epithelium.
Differences between congestive prostatitis and infectious
The disease is accompanied by frequent depression in men.
At the diagnostic stage, it is very important to distinguish a stagnant process from an infectious one. Otherwise, the treatment will be chosen incorrectly, which can lead to some complications. Therefore, the specialist should pay attention to the following symptoms:
- Problems with urination - usually, the patient has frequent urination in the morning. Further, his condition improves.
- Aching and burning pains in the perineum, testicles.
- Fever with severe general fatigue.
- Depression and general anxiety.
- Erection problems and weak orgasms. Usually, the quality of ejaculate deteriorates in patients, which can be detected during additional studies.
Initially, the doctor conducts palpation studies, during which they reveal certain changes in the prostate. We can talk about the following features:
- the organ is enlarged;
- the contours of the prostate gland are vague;
- consistency changed;
- sensitivity increases;
- the smoothness of the contours of the median sulcus is noted.
Important!In the presence of the above symptoms, the patient does not show signs of infection during laboratory tests.
The secret of the prostate is characterized by a thick consistency, standing out in the form of lumps and clots. Similar changes are observed as a result of prostate massage. In some cases, the patient himself may notice the presence of lumps in the semen during ejaculation. This indicates the development of a stagnant process.
Treatment for illness includes quitting smoking altogether.
Treatment of congestive prostatitis is determined based on the degree of its manifestation. Based on the results of a thorough diagnosis, the specialist determines the course of further treatment. As a rule, it assumes an integrated approach and consists of the following procedures:
- Medication therapy.When treating stagnant processes in the prostate, the patient needs to take anti-inflammatory drugs. The doctor can also prescribe other medications to his patient.
- Pain relieversmay be prescribed for pain. They are usually taken with blood thinners.
- Power mode.When stagnant prostatitis is detected, the patient goes on a strict diet involving limited intake of spicy and fatty foods. The key to a speedy recovery is a balanced diet, when the patient's daily diet contains a large amount of fruits, vegetables, fermented milk products and oils.
- Sexual mode.It is very important that the patient not only observes sexual hygiene, but also improves his intimate life. Regular sexual intercourse will normalize the functioning of the prostate gland and exclude the development of stagnant processes in the future.
- Quitting bad habits.Many experts have no idea how congestive prostatitis can be treated with smoking or alcohol abuse. It is very important that the patient completely quit smoking and drinking alcohol, which can cause the development of congestion. It is equally important to minimize such negative factors as hypothermia, physical overload, physical inactivity, and so on.
- Physical activity.Most specialists prescribe special physiotherapy exercises for their patients. Such exercises are usually aimed at strengthening the abdominal muscles, improving breathing, and toning the pelvic floor muscles.
- Vitamin therapy.This is a very important step in the treatment of congestive prostatitis. The patient's body must receive the full range of nutrients. For this purpose, vitamin complexes are most often prescribed to patients with congestive prostatitis.
If the cause of the development of congestive prostatitis in a man is valve insufficiency of the veins of the lower extremities, then he is subject to surgical intervention.
In this case, the basis of preventive measures is activity. Moreover, it should be manifested both in movement and in sex. Experts say that in order to prevent stagnation, the prostate gland must function regularly. Only ejaculation can provide this.
Moderate exercise, frequent walks and a normal diet will help prevent the development of this disease.