Prostatitis called inflammation of the prostate gland. Currently, urologists are inclined to the view that prostatitis is not a single disease, and brings together several diseases of male genital sphere. This is one of the most frequent pathologies of the male genital tract, and according to experts, the percentage of men with prostatitis in one form or another, is constantly growing.
What is the cause of prostatitis, what are the first signs and symptoms in men and what is prescribed as treatment for the acute stage of the disease — learn on.
Prostatitis is the most common urological disorders in men of reproductive age. According to polls, one third of them at least once in life experienced symptoms that can be treated as inflammation of the prostate gland.
Prostatitis develops when the penetration of an infectious agent that enters the tissue of the prostate from the urogenital organs (urethra, bladder) or from a remote inflammatory lesion (pneumonia, flu, tonsillitis, furunculosis). There are a number of risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing prostatitis.
The prostate is a round body the size of a walnut. Location of prostate in men between the anus and the base of the penis. For men's health this organ is so important that sometimes referred to as the second heart of a man.
Of course, if you have trouble with it, you can live a long time, supporting himself with medicines, but it is much better if you can maintain prostate health for many years. If you have any issues on this part of the treatment will be long and difficult.
The photo shows that this unpaired endocrine gland. With age it increases and changes its form, the maximum size at the rate of up to approximately 20 years, while remaining physiologically correct to 45 years.
Upon reaching the man of 45-50 years, the prostate begins to grow again, causing BPH. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is common in medical practice, a phenomenon that is similar to senile wrinkles, gray hair or reduced potency. The glandular tissue is responsible for production of hormones and prostate juice, muscle for the maintenance of the lumen of the urethra to the desired diameter.
The volume of the body as a whole depends on the male physique, but averages are as follows:
|The normal size of the prostate|
Prostate involved in the formation of seminal fluid. The prostate juice contains proteins, fats, some vitamins, enzymes. Her secret greatly dilutes the sperm, enhancing the vitality of sperm and the passage of the long path inside the reproductive tract of women.
Signs and symptoms of prostatitis, as well as its treatment, is quite diverse, which is associated with the presence of the disease of several types. First of all, the prostatitis in men is:
Sharp. Often has purulent. Signs of inflammation in men, both General and specific, are expressed maximally, and the causative agent is pathogenic flora. Therefore, the treatment of men in most situations is the appointment of antibiotics.
This form of disease is relatively easily diagnosed and treated with antibiotics. At the same time among men is very common cases of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis, which is more difficult to diagnose and has no connection with the certain defeat of an infectious nature.
Prostatitis with chronic develops slowly. Initially, the symptoms of a weak, worried little man, but over time it grows. Soon the slight discomfort becomes a serious problem. So at the first signs you need to contact the urologist who will help to get rid of inflammation and to drive it into long-term remission.
Infectious prostatitis. The danger of this disease is that the diseases affect not only the prostate but nearby organs (bladder, rectum).
Bacterial. The main reason is the weakening of the immune forces of the body, this may result in:
Causes are bacteria of some species. These include:
The first signs of prostatitis that a man should definitely pay attention and address to the urologist:
All these are the first symptoms of acute prostatitis. After a while they can go by themselves. But this should not rejoice. The infection remains in the body. Therefore, it must be treated to avoid further outbreaks of pain and complications.
The first signs of prostatitis in men in the chronic form is almost identical to the signs of the acute phase of the disease, but it additionally joins:
Prostatitis is an inflammatory change in the prostate gland and it should be understood that they arise not only under the influence of bacterial microflora. Causes of inflammation can be any of the factors that can lead to damage of the gland tissue and the destruction of its cells.
The main causes of prostatitis in men
Some factors increase the risk of developing the disease:
All the symptoms of prostatitis can be divided into 3 large groups:
Regardless of the disease there are several basic symptoms:
Pain attacks when the prostate can be long and short. If they do not go away for a long period, the quality of life of men decreases significantly. He is being tormented by neuroses.
Pain when prostatitis occurs in the following cases:
There are three stages of acute prostatitis, which is characterized by a certain clinical picture and morphological changes:
What other symptoms of prostatitis see at men?
Perhaps the patient had no pronounced acute period of the disease, passing it, passing into the chronic form.
In this case, the symptoms are as follows:
The first signs of chronic prostatitis may manifest themselves over a long period. Can disappear, then come back to haunt them again.
The majority of men, inflammation of the prostate does not manifest itself explicitly. Being in the hidden state, the symptoms of prostatitis occur only a few mild disorders:
Possible complications of prostatitis include:
BPH, which is benign education also often develops as a consequence of prostatitis. If an adenoma and surgical intervention is inevitable.
The most serious complication of prostatitis in men – prostate cancer, which is fraught with most serious consequences.
Treatment of prostatitis is depending on the form of the disease. Acute inflammation is an indication for hospitalization in the urology hospital for chronic patients undergoing therapy at home. If the cause of the disease was a sexually transmitted infection, prescribed antibiotics should take both partners.
In the treatment of acute prostatitis important immediate for systemic antibiotic treatment. Most often the attending physician assigns the patient receiving trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, fluoroquinolones. In cases of prostatitis are caused by sexually transmitted diseases treatment also includes receiving Ceftriaxone, doxycycline, etc.
The main groups of drugs include: