Not all adult men know how prostatitis manifests itself, so few people pay attention to the initial symptoms of this disease. At the same time, this is one of the most common urological pathologies today, therefore, it is imperative to familiarize yourself with its features and manifestations. It is widely believed that the disease is typical for men of mature age, but today this disappointing diagnosis can be made to quite young people aged 18-20 years.
Simplicity is an extremely vulnerable organ for the penetration, development and spread of pathogens, therefore, diseases of the bladder, the walls of the urethra, the vas deferens and other organs and systems negatively affect it.
What is the first thing to know about prostatitis?
To know exactly how to define prostatitis, you should first familiarize yourself with the main features of this disease. It is an inflammatory process localized in the prostate gland. Usually, the inflammation is caused by infectious microorganisms that can enter the prostate in a variety of ways. At the same time, infection of the prostate will not always indicate the beginning of the development of prostatitis. For the pathology to begin to manifest itself, a combination of certain factors is required.
Prostatitis symptoms can begin to appear for the following reasons:
- Stool problems (for example, frequent constipation or other similar illnesses).
- A sedentary lifestyle (at work, at home), little physical activity and stress. Given this factor, the risk group includes men who carry out various professional activities: drivers, programmers, office workers.
- Hypothermia of the body (systematic or one-time significant).
- Prolonged abstinence (lack of sex life) or too active sex life. The manifestation of signs of the disease is also possible during normal sexual activity.
- Frequent stressful and depressive conditions, disturbances in the psycho-emotional and psychological background of a person.
- Problems with food intake (frequent overeating, preference for spicy, smoked, salty foods, alcoholic beverages, lack of at least some kind of diet).
How is prostatitis most common?
Treatment of this disease is often not difficult, since prostatitis can be detected already at the initial stages, knowing about all its possible manifestations. It should be noted right away that it is customary to distinguish the chronic and acute forms of pathology.
- If an acute form of the disease begins to develop, then the main symptom of prostatitis will be the presence of inflammation in the prostate area. The inflammatory process in this case will necessarily be accompanied by an increase in body temperature (often up to 39-39. 5 degrees), pain in the groin and perineum, pain during urination and defecation.
- The chronic form of the disease, oddly enough, rarely bothers patients (except in cases of exacerbation). That is why many men simply do not pay attention to the manifested male prostatitis. During the period of exacerbation of the disease, the patient may experience a slight increase in body temperature (up to about 37-37. 5 degrees), discomfort and unusual sensations during urination and defecation, the presence of a relatively small amount of purulent or mucous contents from the urethra. Given the insignificance of such manifestations, many men attribute these symptoms to other pathologies, as a result of which treatment and referral to specialists are postponed until the last.
Signs of prostatitis in men are very specific and indicative, therefore, knowing them, the patient will be able to independently suspect the manifestations of this pathology, consult a doctor in time and start treatment in a timely manner. There is even a certain syndrome of dysuria, which will clearly indicate a high probability of a pathology in a person. Six main signs can be distinguished at once, which in different cases can manifest themselves all together or separately.
But in cases where there are 2-3 signs, then this already becomes a serious reason for an immediate appeal to the urologist:
- Problems with urination (it is difficult to urinate, urine is released in drops).
- The urine stream is rather sluggish, falls downward, has a short range, the patient cannot physically strengthen it.
- Pain during urination.
- Increase in duration of urination, split, intermittent flow, spraying in different directions.
- After urinating, the feeling remains that the bladder is not completely empty.
- In the evening and at night it becomes necessary to go to the toilet more often.
If a man has some of these signs, then don't jump to clinical conclusions. This is due to the fact that regardless of what symptoms appear, prostatitis has a rather complex pathogenesis, so it is better to entrust the diagnosis to a qualified specialist.
Therefore, it is strictly forbidden to begin treatment of the disease, relying solely on well-known symptoms. You can clarify the symptoms and how exactly prostatitis manifests itself in men at any urologist, who, in order to make a diagnosis, will necessarily take into account not only the symptoms that have appeared, but also the results of laboratory and instrumental studies.
As noted above, the disease can be chronic or acute. Frequent urination is a common and one of the most important symptoms. A healthy man usually experiences no more than 10-11 urges to urinate during the day (the normal indicator is 5-6 urges).
As a result of the development of inflammation of the prostate, there is a negative effect on the bladder, therefore, in the presence of the disease, the following symptoms will appear:
- Increase in the number of urges (while the daily volume of urine remains the same).
- Urine comes out in small portions, which is associated with receiving false signals from the bladder receptors due to the presence of an inflammatory process. Also, therefore, there may be a feeling that the bladder is full even after emptying.
- Pain during urination, which is caused by the narrowing of the urethra due to the inflammatory process in the prostate.
- Difficulty urinating due to compression of certain areas of the urethra by inflammation. In some cases, men cannot empty their bladder at all because of this.
- At night, the walls of the bladder begin to give false signals, which increases the number of trips to the toilet during sleep.
Prostatitis can be diagnosed in part by monitoring body temperature, coupled with problems associated with urination. If these problems are accompanied by an increase in temperature to subfebrile and febrile values, then we can talk about the development of pathology with a high degree of probability. It is important to note that in the later stages of the development of the disease, on the contrary, a decrease in body temperature to 35. 5-36 degrees can be noted, which is an extremely negative and dangerous symptom in any case, which cannot be tolerated.
In the middle stages of the disease, blood may be present in the patient's urine. This feature is relatively rare and often not indicative, but extremely dangerous. It can begin to manifest itself due to purulent fusion of the prostate, trauma to the prostate gland, as well as in cases of complications of the inflammatory process with hyperplasia. Cure in this case is complicated (surgical intervention is often necessary).
Treatment should be started immediately after the first symptoms of the disease appear. If there are at least some, albeit insignificant, as it seems, problems with urination, which in some cases are accompanied by an increase in body temperature and pain in the area of simplicity, then you need to immediately make an appointment with a urologist to clarify the diagnosis. It is imperative to pay attention to the signs of pathology described above, since defeating prostatitis quickly and painlessly is possible only with timely treatment.