The first signs of prostatitis in men and its treatment

prostatitis in a man

The prostate plays an important role in the functioning of the male body - it normalizes the existence of sperm, dilutes sperm, and takes part in regulating hormonal levels.

Today, prostatitis in men is quite widespread, according to statistics - 30% of men 30-55 years old suffer from this pathology, which is an inflammatory phenomenon in the prostate gland.

Forms of prostatitis

Specialists distinguish several types of pathology:

  • Chronic bacterial - a chronic type of pathology, provoked by a bacterial infection;
  • Chronic abacterial - a chronic inflammatory process created by non-infectious causes;
  • Acute form of pathology - chronic pain attacks concentrated in the genital area;
  • The asymptomatic form of pathology is difficult to determine, usually only after regular preventive examinations.

Signs of developing prostatitis

How does prostatitis manifest? Usually, doctors identify 6 signs that portend prostatitis. If a man noticed at least 2 signs from this list, then he should definitely consult a doctor:

  • A weakly falling stream of urine with a short range;
  • Difficulty urinating;
  • Painful phenomena during urination;
  • Duration of urination, splashing of urine, intermittent stream;
  • Partial emptying of the bladder;
  • Frequent urge to urinate, especially at night.

The doctor will always be able to determine the first signs of prostatitis in men and treatment after diagnosis will be carried out in a timely manner, with a positive result.

Causes of pathology

Experts talk about the following reasons for the formation of the disease:

  • Weakening of immunity - protective barriers that prevent the occurrence of many viral infections are reduced;
  • Infectious processes - viral elements, microbes, bacteria through the blood or lymphatic pathways enter the prostate. A sign of this phenomenon - the temperature rises with prostatitis;
  • A sedentary lifestyle - causes interruptions in blood supply, oxygen deprivation;
  • Disruptions in blood circulation due to stagnant moments in the genital area - arises from promiscuous sexual life, long abstinence from sexual intercourse, irregular sexual intercourse.

Inflammation in the prostate can begin due to the penetration of microbes, but for the development of infection, a pathogenic microflora is needed, which can be created as a result of the following factors - the presence of harmful addictions, constipation, hormonal disruptions, trauma, hypothermia, etc.

Symptoms of pathology

How does prostatitis manifest? Important symptoms indicating the onset of prostatitis are a difficult urination process, painful sensations at this moment. Frequent urge to empty the bladder in small portions indicates the development of pathology. Therefore, you should definitely consult a doctor in this situation, otherwise the inflammation will change into a chronic structure.

The initial stages of pathology may be asymptomatic. Acute forms of the disease are much easier to determine - the manifestation of pathology is always sudden, sharp. It should be borne in mind that the course of the disease is due to the individual characteristics of the organism of each person.

The following symptoms of prostate inflammation are distinguished:

  • Painful sensations in the perineal region;
  • Increase in temperature;
  • The bowel movements are accompanied by painful attacks;
  • Potency disorders;
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased sweating;
  • General malaise;
  • Feeling of fullness in the bladder;
  • Irritability, sudden mood swings;
  • Excretory phenomena from the urethra during bowel movements.

Usually, only a few of the above points appear.

Temperature rise

The development of an acute form of pathology is characterized by intoxication of the body, a febrile state, and the temperature with prostatitis can reach up to 40 degrees. Syndromes of the manifested pathology - violations in the area of urination. Acute type of prostatitis requires timely treatment, otherwise it can lead to negative consequences, up to surgery.

A protracted decision to undergo a medical examination can affect the modification of pathology into a chronic form, with a long period of development, requiring large financial costs for its treatment.

Pain attacks with the development of pathology

The complicated structure of prostatitis is accompanied by painful symptoms. Pain in prostatitis in men is not characterized by precise localization. In the absence of a treatment process, pain attacks increase, spread to other genitals. In advanced situations, an acute stage of the disease, adenoma, develops.

It is known that pain in prostatitis in men is short-term, long-lasting.

Regular painful attacks lead to an uncomfortable lifestyle, the development of neuroses in males, and worsens the quality of life.

Usually painful sensations arise in the following moments:

  • During urination;
  • During an erection;
  • During sexual intercourse;
  • Upon completion of intercourse;
  • During bowel movements;
  • Due to prolonged abstinence or, conversely, promiscuous sexual relations;
  • After hypothermia;
  • Due to severe physical stress.

The lower back begins to ache when the pathology develops outside the prostate gland. Pain attacks are either dull or sharp. Due to the neglect of the pathology, painful sensations can last for a long time. Therefore, it is so important to consult with a urologist in a timely manner, because inflammation can go to the kidneys.

pain in a man with prostatitis

Also, pathologies in the prostate area are characterized by blunt or sharp painful attacks in the groin area, rarely in the leg.

Elimination of painful sensations is possible using the following methods:

  • Prostate massage;
  • Phytotherapeutic treatment;
  • Hormonal methods of curing pathology;
  • A special diet to normalize a person's condition;
  • Antibacterial ways to eliminate harmful elements;
  • Use of adrenergic blockers to relieve urination.

Prostate adenoma or prostatitis?

Adenoma of the prostate is a benign neoplasm in the area of the prostate gland, usually this pathology is observed in men after 45-50 years. Hormonal imbalance is recognized as an important cause of the formation of pathology - over the years, the level of male hormones changes, decreases. There are also risk factors that contribute to the appearance of pathology - obesity, stress, atherosclerosis, harmful addictions.

The manifestation of pathology is pronounced, therefore, already at the first stages of its development, it is possible to accurately establish a diagnosis.

The course of prostate adenoma in men is characterized by a forward movement, developing, the tumor provokes new clinical moments.

Symptoms of prostate adenoma and prostatitis in representatives of a strong half of humanity are similar - frequent difficulty urinating, burning sensation in the prostate, pain.

The course of prostate adenoma disease in men depends on the stage of this pathology.

The consequences of prostate adenoma in men are serious - renal failure, cystitis, urolithiasis.

Diagnostic measures

The doctor can identify signs of prostatitis in men and its treatment will be prescribed in a timely manner. To determine prostatitis, it is necessary to consult with a urologist who will conduct an examination and prescribe other important diagnostic procedures:

  • Medical examination to draw up a general clinical picture;
  • Taking urine tests;
  • Tests for the detection of STDs;
  • Determination of the presence or absence of infections, a swab is taken from the urethra;
  • Ejaculate analysis;
  • Genital ultrasound;
  • Urography;
  • Biopsy - if cancer is suspected.

Using the results of the above processes, the doctor draws up a treatment regimen for the disease in a given patient.

Methods for the treatment of prostatitis

How to treat this pathology? After the diagnosis of the disease, the doctor determines the treatment regimen for the pathology, usually an integrated approach is used, consisting of the following points:

  • Antibacterial therapeutic methods - a specialist prescribes a course of medication, namely, antibiotics to eliminate harmful trace elements that lead to prostatitis. They also lower the temperature;
  • Physiological influences, for example, by means of a laser, ultrasonic waves, electromagnetic waves.
  • Traditional methods of treatment are used - warm bath procedures with medicinal herbs;
  • Massage is performed in the area of the prostate gland - it frees the ducts from stagnation, increases blood supply to the genitals;
  • Herbal medicine - the use of decoctions of useful medicinal herbs, dietary supplements helps to strengthen the immune system, fights infection;
  • Psychotherapeutic methods - due to prostatitis, a man develops negative psychological problems, confidence disappears, fears appear during intercourse;
  • Surgical methods of treatment are used in advanced and severe stages of the development of pathology, for example, prostate abscess;
  • Correction of the immune system - the doctor may prescribe the intake of certain vitamins, minerals, beneficial trace elements to strengthen the patient's immunity;
  • Balanced, proper nutrition for prostatitis, refusal of alcoholic beverages, smoking, fatty foods, limiting salt intake, as well as drinking more ordinary water - at least 2 liters per day.
normal and inflamed prostate with prostatitis

Preventive measures

It is important to monitor your health. To prevent the development of prostatitis, it is necessary to avoid exposure to factors that can lead to its occurrence:

  • Do not overcool;
  • Eat a balanced, healthy diet;
  • Do physical exercise, sports;
  • Have sex with a regular partner, protect yourself from STDs;
  • Undergo an annual examination by a urologist for the timely diagnosis of the presence or absence of the disease.