Symptoms of prostatitis in men are not characteristic and specific, as it might seem at first glance. That is why in modern urology and andrology, infertility is increasingly diagnosed among men of the most active reproductive layer - from 25 to 40 years old. The prostate gland in men is an organ that performs several functions: barrier, regulating blood clotting, endocrine, reproductive, copulatory (sexual), the role of the sphincter of the bladder. Signs of prostatitis in men and its symptoms are multifaceted, especially in the chronic form - they cover all the functions of the organ and often make it difficult to diagnose.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis in men
What symptoms of prostatitis in men should make you pay attention to them and go to the doctor? Every man, especially at a young and sexually active age, needs to know about the signs of inflammation of the lower genital tract and the possible clinic of an incipient prostate disease. Many young people postpone a visit to a urologist with the thought that this disease belongs to an older age group.
Inflammation of the prostate is based on a complex of factors that begin to act exactly at the age of 20-30 years.
- Sexual infections are the first thing that triggers an active or sluggish process of inflammation. Chlamydia, mycoplasma infection, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, gardnerellosis initiate urethritis, against which the development of inflammation of the gland is possible. Viruses of herpes simplex, human papilloma, CMV, if they did not cause inflammation of the gland, then significantly aggravate the course of STIs and "pave the way" for bacteria in the tissue of the organ. Against the background of genital infections, opportunistic flora (staphylococci, E. coli) often leads to prostate disease. When diagnosed, mixed flora is often found.
- Work accompanied by prolonged sitting is one of the factors provoking the disease. Such occupational hazards or habit adversely affect the health of the prostate.
- Arrhythmic sex life - its rarity or randomness, psychological problems that cause delay or absence of ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, frequent masturbation - significantly disrupt the balance of arterial and venous blood flow in the gland.
- The impact of cold on the lumbar region, abdomen and extremities - winter sports and recreation, occupational hazards associated with hypothermia, trigger irreversible changes in the tissues of the gland.
Sexual infections, chronic hypothermia, stagnation of venous blood and prostatic secretions lay the foundation for the formation of chronic prostatitis. . . Symptoms of inflammation of prostatitis of various forms are combined into three syndromes: painful, sexual and dysuric (urination disorder). The predominance of one of them is the reason for a visit to a doctor - urologist, sexologist, therapist or surgeon. Alertness and qualification of the doctor will determine the speed of the healing process.
Acute prostatitis, the symptoms of which are observed after or simultaneously with an active genital infection, are characterized by the following:
- Discomfort and soreness when urinating.
- Cutting at the beginning or at the end of urination.
- Frequent and false urge to use the toilet.
- Pain around the anus, especially when sitting.
- Soreness during the act of defecation, a feeling of fullness in the rectum.
- Mucopurulent discharge from the urethra.
- Abdominal pain radiating to the thigh, scrotum, back.
- Sexual dysfunctions.
Each patient has a different degree of severity of symptoms. Also, only a certain symptom may predominate. But often the acute process proceeds with scant symptoms, which ensures frequent chronicity and an increase in the number of identified cases of chronic prostatitis.
The first signs of prostatitis
Symptoms of the onset of prostatitis occur in young men under the guise of acute respiratory infections or in the form of a classic genital infection. Depending on the type of pathogen, signs of an acute process can be bright or erased.
Symptoms of prostatitis in men, initiated by gonococci, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, as well as with nosocomial infection (after manipulations on the urinary tract) are characterized by the following:
- The patient is abruptly seized by a chill, which lasts from half an hour to two hours and ends with sweating.
- The temperature rises to 38 - 40 ° C.
- Characterized by weakness, severe weakness.
The first symptoms of prostatitis in men may not be accompanied by the characteristic pain in the pelvic area, rectum and groin. . . Also, sexual weakness is not characteristic. On the contrary, the catarrhal first stage of the disease is manifested by excessive excitability and early ejaculation.
Urogenital chlamydia, which often causes chronic prostatitis, initially has only mild dysuric symptoms.
How is prostatitis manifested in men, initiated by hematogenous or lymphogenous entry of flora into the prostate tissue? This type of disease that accompanies general somatic infectious diseases (sinusitis, sore throat, pneumonia, abscesses, pustular skin diseases) may not be noticed by the patient. Against the background of the underlying disease, the temperature rises again and the symptoms of intoxication increase, mild dysuric phenomena and abdominal pain may develop.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis in men
Bacterial or viral, congestive or infectious chronic prostatitis, the symptoms of which vary, are united by the fact that inflammatory processes, although caused by different triggering factors, lead to three basic manifestations:
- Pain syndrome.
- Disorder of urination.
- Sexual dysfunction.
Pain symptoms with prostatitis are also divided into three types:
- Extragenital - pain in the rectum, lower back, abdomen is characteristic.
- Pelvic - pain symptoms do not appear as such, but there is pronounced itching of the anus, tingling, paresthesia, neurosis, excessive sweating - this is due to the involvement of the pelvic nerve plexuses in the process.
- Genital - pain in the scrotum, lumbago in the testicles, groin and perineum.
Symptoms of pain in prostatitis form such a concept as "chronic pelvic pain syndrome in men. "
Symptoms of inflammation of the chronic form of the prostate gland are accompanied by a violation and suppression of erection, ejaculation, and a decrease in libido. Against this background, a neurosis-like syndrome is formed, which proceeds according to the sympathetic or parasympathetic type. The first is characterized by attacks of heartbeat, fever, evening subfebrile condition, sudden changes in mood, inattention. For the second - drowsiness during the day, fatigue, sleeplessness at night, hypochondria, sweating, weight gain, lump in the throat, excessive salivation.
Among the dysuric phenomena, there is an increase in urination, difficulty in emptying the bladder, dripping, and lethargy of the stream. Such signs have a pronounced similarity with an adenoma, which sometimes complicates the diagnosis.
Chronic prostatitis in men after 45 years often occurs simultaneously with prostatic hyperplasia.
In the chronic form, spermatorrhea and prostatorrhea are observed - the secretion of the prostate secretion from the urethra in combination with seminal fluid due to organ atony.
Inflammation of the prostate is not always symptomatic. Often, a man learns about a disease, for example, when he performs ultrasound diagnostics when planning a child. They find calcifications in the tissues of the prostate, obliterated ducts, enlargement or reduction of the gland, sclerosis, impaired blood flow according to Doppler sonography, varicose veins of the plexus of the prostate and small pelvis.
Symptomatic prostatitis develops in young men after undergoing genital infections, in particular, urogenital chlamydia and mycoplasmosis.Especially often asymptomatic prostatitis is recorded after inadequate and incomplete treatment of these diseases. Often, when examining sperm, a decrease in the number of germ cells, a decrease in actively motile cells, agglutination, and a decrease in lecithin grains are found. Periodic sexual failures are possible, which the man does not attach importance to.
Symptoms of an exacerbation of prostatitis
An exacerbation of chronic prostatitis develops when exposed to adverse provoking factors - general somatic diseases, hypothermia, irregular sex life, alcohol abuse, exacerbation of infectious diseases of the genitourinary organs, rectum.
Symptoms of exacerbation of prostatitis in men are similar to the onset of the disease. The rise in temperature, general malaise, fatigue, weakness, chills come to the fore. Pains in the anus, a feeling of fullness in the rectum, lumbago in the groin, perineum are increasing. Sexual dysfunction and nervousness are also aggravated. When going to the toilet, patients note difficulty and frequency of urination, weakening of the stream, pain.
Features of the course of some types of prostatitis
How is prostatitis manifested in men in its various varieties? Conventionally, several types of the disease are distinguished, depending on the prevailing process: infectious, bacterial, stagnant, purulent.
Infectious and bacterial prostatitis
The concept includes several nosological forms of the disease, or rather differentiates according to the types of pathogenic pathogens. Infectious prostatitis, the symptoms of which can only be caused by pathogenic bacteria and viruses, can be initiated by the pathogenic flora, sexually transmitted and opportunistic. Conditionally pathogenic microorganisms that normally inhabit the male genitourinary tract cause illness only with unfavorable factors. Most often, when seeding semen and urine, Escherichia coli, staphylococcus, enterococcus are found. This is bacterial prostatitis.
Infectious prostatitis is recorded overwhelmingly among young people.This type of inflammation of the prostate gland most often causes chronicity and leads to infertility.
The clinical picture is characterized by the greatest brightness with gonorrhea, and with chlamydia, mycoplasmosis and opportunistic pathogens, the symptoms are scarce, therefore, it often leads to chronic prostatitis.
Pyogenic flora is represented by gonococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, methicillin-resistant strain of Staphylococcus. These microorganisms secrete a number of destructive enzymes, are characterized by aggressiveness towards the tissues of the prostate, and therefore initiate purulent fusion.Often, purulent prostatitis ends with an abscess, phlegmon, paraprostatitis, paraproctitis.
The purulent process is often initiated by bacteria that have entered the prostate gland in the following ways:
- From purulent foci in other organs.
- With medical interventions on the genitourinary organs. The hospital flora is characterized by multiple resistance to antibiotics, therefore it leads precisely to purulent prostatitis.
Purulent prostatitis, the symptoms of which are the most striking, often causes complications: urinary and vesical-intestinal fistulas. And also such bacteria easily penetrate the ascending route to the kidneys, pelvis and calyces, causing their chronic inflammation.
The isolated course of this type of disease is practically excluded, since against the background of stagnant processes, the microbial flora joins and this type acquires an infectious form of the course. Most often, urologists make such a diagnosis if no bacteria were isolated in the inoculation of the biomaterial. As a rule, an analysis carried out after 2-3 weeks will already give a positive result for the bacterial flora.
Stagnation of venous blood is often observed with varicose veins, rectal pathology, pelvic tumors, hypodynamia. Violation of the outflow of prostate secretion, which is most often observed in sexual dysfunctions and irregular sexual activity, leads to stagnation and prerequisites for inflammation.Congestive prostatitis, the symptoms of which coincide with infectious inflammation, are inextricably linked and follow each other.Symptoms will be complemented by varicose veins and rectal lesions.
Obviously, in the chronic form of prostatitis manifestations may be of a non-specific nature, which requires a thorough comprehensive diagnosis.
Any signs of a genital infection in a man should be a reason for contacting a urologist or venereologist for treatment.
Self-medication or neglect of the situation can serve as an impetus for the formation of a chronic form.