Prostate inflammation is a problem for many men over 40. Quite often, this disease becomes chronic. This is due to the neglect of the pathology, since men rarely go to the doctor when the first symptoms appear. Also, prostatitis becomes chronic due to the influence of negative factors. At this stage, different drugs are prescribed for the treatment of chronic prostatitis in men, since the therapy should be long and complex.
But in order for remission in case of a disease to last longer, a man must not only take all prescribed medications for treatment, but also lead a healthy lifestyle and follow a diet prescribed by the attending physician.
Factors that provoke and worsen prostatitis include:
- alcohol abuse;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- infectious and viral diseases;
- wrong diet.
Many men do not understand how destructive this disease is for their body. If you do not carry out medical therapy on time, chronic prostatitis can be complicated. These complications include:
- prostate abscess;
- formation of cysts and stones in the prostate gland, which can only be treated with surgery;
- vesiculitis. In this disease, inflammation of the seminal vesicles occurs;
- prostate sclerosis occurs most often due to untreated prostatitis, and the treatment of this complication is carried out only during surgery;
- and sometimes even prostate cancer.
Symptoms and treatment of these complications are different, but all these pathologies are severe. Most often, these complications are treated with surgery.
All complications can be prevented by regular visits to urologist and proctologist. Especially men after 45 years old need to see these doctors once a year. And take laboratory tests (general and PSA concentration).
Drugs for the treatment of chronic prostatitis
How to treat prostatitis? There are several necessary drugs for the treatment of chronic prostatitis, since prostatitis cannot be treated with one drug. Complex therapy includes antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, antispasmodics. It is also very important to take vitamin and immunity-supporting medications.
Which groups of drugs will be prescribed for chronic prostatitis depends on the causes of its occurrence. If the infectious nature of the disease is identified, then the main components of therapy will be antibacterial drugs. As a rule, they are selected with a wide range of actions, but sometimes others are appointed. The duration of treatment for exacerbation in chronic prostatitis depends on the severity of its manifestation. It may take 14 days or even 3 months to take antibiotics.
Prescriptions can be completely different, since before the appointment, appropriate laboratory tests for sensitivity to these drugs are done. Most often, antibiotics are prescribed in the form of injections, less often tablets. Since these drugs in the form of injections are much faster and more effective.
Drugs from several groups are sometimes prescribed for acute inflammation.
Immunomodulators and immunostimulants
In case of chronic prostatitis, which is provoked by an infection, it is simply necessary to take immunomodulators. These drugs are taken together with antibiotics, as they promote better penetration of the active substance into the inflammation focus, and they also restore the balance of the components of the immune system, thereby the body's own body actively begins to fight inflammation. Also, with chronic prostatitis, it is recommended to take these drugs 2 times a year as a preventive measure.
This type of drug should be prescribed only by a doctor, since the wrong dosage and prolonged use of immunomodulators can lead to the opposite effect, namely to a chronic decrease in immunity. These drugs are available in the form of a solution for injection and rectal suppositories. Most often, in the period of exacerbation, a course of 5-10 days is prescribed in the form of injections, and then a gradual transition to suppositories.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to quickly relieve discomfort, as they reduce inflammation and swelling. Thus, pain is eliminated.
In especially acute cases, these drugs are ineffective, then hormonal drugs are prescribed. Sometimes hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs are used in physiotherapeutic procedures, namely electrophoresis, thus acting locally on the prostate. In this case, the hormonal drug does not have a general effect on the body.
This type of drug is increasingly prescribed today for chronic prostatitis. Alpha blockers act on the bladder and prostate gland, namely their receptors. Therefore, they relax the muscles, thereby making it easier to urinate. This means that the pain during urination is eliminated.
But these drugs affect blood pressure indicators, alpha-blockers lower it. They are contraindicated in people who have severe hypotension. This combination will lead to dangerous consequences.
Severe pain in the perineum is common during exacerbation of chronic prostatitis. In this case, spasms of the striated muscles occur. This means that the use of antispasmodics and muscle relaxants is required.
General tonic and tonic drugs
This group includes drugs that are prescribed to improve the functioning of the gland. And they must necessarily be prescribed as part of the main drug therapy.
Topical drugs for the treatment of chronic prostatitis are particularly effective. In the case of prostatitis, these are rectal suppositories. In this form, pharmacological companies produce antispasmodics, antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The use of drugs in such a dosage form is possible both in the acute course of the disease, and in other cases, for example, after an operation.
Both suppositories and ointments that are injected rectally are effective enough as they act directly on the prostate. When they are introduced into the rectum, they are absorbed into its walls, and the prostate is just adjacent to its back wall of the intestine. Moreover, such drugs for the treatment of prostatitis do not pass through the entire body and liver, where part of the active substance is metabolized.
It is important to note that it is forbidden to prescribe such candles and ointments on your own. Since a high concentration of the active substance is absorbed into the gland, and if used incorrectly, an overdose and complications may occur in the wrong dose.