Some of the most common diseases affecting the male reproductive system are prostate adenoma and prostatitis. The second is an inflammatory process that occurs in the tissues of the prostate gland, respectively, the first is a tumor that forms in this organ.
These are problems that are quite actively diagnosed in men. But everyone knows that proper nutrition can protect against many ailments, as well as become one of the components of the treatment process. Thus, a significant role in the treatment of this disease is played by diet for prostatitis and prostate adenoma. With its help, the healing process is more active and takes less time.
The essence of such a diet
No one would argue that food is both healing and crippling. For this reason, when pathological changes in the patient's body are detected, the doctor most often prescribes restrictions on a number of foods consumed. A similar diet has been developed to help the male body fight disease that affects the prostate gland.
It is selected for each patient individually, taking into account the severity of the pathology, his general condition and anamnesis, as well as taste preferences. At the same time, it has been practically proven that it will not be possible to recover without changing the regime and nutritional balance.
Food should at least not worsen the health situation, at best - become one of the elements of the treatment process. Therefore, the essence of the diet for prostatitis and prostate adenoma is reduced to alleviating the patient's condition.
If a person wants to recover, he needs to comply with the restrictions. “Right” meals slow down the development of pathology and increase the chances of faster healing.
Particular attention is paid to products containing a large percentage of selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn), which have a beneficial effect on the tumor, reducing its size. During treatment, the patient should receive 25 mg of zinc during the day, as well as at least 5 μg of selenium.
Products have a large amount of zinc:
- Seafood: oysters, mussels, shrimps.
- Red meat, mostly lamb and lean beef.
- Wheat germ and bran.
- Watermelon and pumpkin seeds
- Chocolate and cocoa powder.
- Beef liver.
- Egg yolks.
The second important element, selenium, is found in the following foods:
- Pork and beef liver.
- Rice, barley, buckwheat and oatmeal.
- Octopus meat.
- Beans and lentils.
- Sea cabbage.
- Scallops and shrimps.
- Olive oil.
Also, don't forget about vitamin E, which increases the effective absorption of selenium. It should be borne in mind that from food the body absorbs only a part (at the best scenario - half) of the microelements in its composition.
As the study has shown, the main cause (catalyst) of the manifestation of adenoma is hormonal imbalance, which has been aggravated over the years. With age, the amount of testosterone decreases, and at the same time the concentration of estradiol increases. Also, the appearance and growth of a tumor is influenced by an increase in the amount of adipose tissue. It follows from this that one of the ways to prevent adenoma should be control of body weight.
In addition, it is necessary to constantly take care of bowel cleansing. Therefore, the diet should be associated with solving this problem. But before you start sticking to it, you should study the list of foods you can and cannot eat.
What else is important?
Drinking fluids with meals and right before bed is discouraged. Otherwise, the digestion process deteriorates, and at the same time the night load on the excretory system increases. Water and drinks should be consumed between meals or one hour after meals.
It is necessary to maintain a balanced diet for adenoma and prostatitis and a variety of foods. Protein food should prevail. Fat content is allowed, but not more than 30%. Basically, these should be vegetable fats.
Don't overeat at night. It is necessary to monitor your weight, avoid overeating and the appearance of extra pounds.
Reasons that stimulate the development of the problem
The main reasons are hormonal changes and infections. The food consumed can also contribute to the development of such pathology.
If the disease has passed to a chronic stage, then you will have to adhere to these recommendations constantly, because if the regime is violated, an exacerbation can be provoked. The main principle of the diet for chronic prostatitis and prostate adenoma is that food should be light, quickly digestible. The rest of the principles of this diet, as well as the list of "useful" and "harmful" products are indicated above.
After surgery to remove adenoma
With a certain clinical picture, doctors may raise the question of excising the adenoma. After surgery, the patient undergoes rehabilitation, part of which is the diet after prostate adenoma surgery.
Its main principle is the predominance of vegetables, protein foods and fruits, the reduction of fat, especially animal. Vegetable fats should be preferred, which provide the body with the necessary substances for normal functioning.
A high level of plant proteins in food has a beneficial effect on the body, and this seriously reduces the risk of developing cancer.
The largest (or completely excluded) limitation affects products such as:
- Coarse fibers.
- Food that contains dyes, food additives, preservatives and flavorings.
- High-calorie meals with a high percentage of animal fat.
- Fried, spicy and overly spicy foods.
- Smoked meat and pickles.
- Carbonated and caffeinated drinks.
The central part of the diet for prostate adenoma in men should be vegetables and fruits filled with vitamins, fiber, trace elements that activate the digestive process and prevent stagnation in the pelvic organs.
As mentioned above, don't ignore the level of bowel function. In addition to the elimination of foods that provoke flatulence, and can "fix the stool", you should also review the diet: it should be taken in small portions, but the number of meals should be increased. This will keep the digestive tract toned, promoting more active gastric acid production, which can serve to prevent constipation.
In the postoperative period, prunes, boiled beets, fermented milk products, dried apricots, carrots, cereals and other dishes that have a slight laxative effect appear on the patient's table.
Diet after BPH should be as follows. To shorten the postoperative recovery period, it is necessary to reduce the load on the digestive and genitourinary systems. A balanced diet increases the body's immune status, allowing it to more effectively fight disease and activate hidden reserves for faster recovery.
Diet menu for prostatitis and adenoma
It should be consistent with the product guidelines above. When the disease worsens, you need to switch to eating in small portions. The daily diet should be divided into four to six meals. The diet menu for prostatitis in men should consist of simple and healthy dishes.
Below is one daily meal plan. So, a diet for prostatitis for a week may consist of the following menu.
- Fruit jam.
- Decaffeinated tea.
Snack: Banana (medium).
- Lean vegetable soup.
- Mashed potatoes.
- Chicken breast in sweet and sour sauce.
- Dried fruit compote.
Snack: Raspberry Jelly.
- Boiled squid.
- Stewed cabbage.
Before bed - yogurt.
- Curd mass.
- Fruit and berry jelly.
- Snack: A handful of nuts.
- Soup cooked in light vegetable broth.
- Boiled fish.
- Salad - any choice of vegetables (fresh).
- Green tea.
Snack: apple baked with cinnamon and honey.
- Rabbit baked in sour cream.
- Carrot salad with beets.
Before bed: milk (glass).
- Barley porridge.
- Raw carrot salad.
- Fruit juice.
Snack: Pumpkin baked with apple.
- Fresh salad of herbs and vegetables.
- Boiled asparagus.
- Mineral water without gas (glass).
Afternoon snack: fruit salad.
- Fish stew.
- Baked potatoes.
- Fresh cucumber.
Bedtime: Natural yogurt.
- A boiled egg.
- Buckwheat porridge.
- Berry jelly.
- Chicken stew.
- Cabbage cutlet.
- Herbal tea.
Snack: fresh apples.
- Baked chicken in orange sauce.
- Fresh vegetable salad.
Before bedtime: fermented baked milk (glass).
- Boiled rice.
- Soft-boiled boiled egg.
- Fresh fruits.
Snack: Banana dessert.
- Vegetarian borscht.
- Fish baked on a vegetable pillow.
- Green salad.
- Dried fruit compote.
Afternoon snack: fruity sorbet.
- Squid stuffed with rice.
- Any vegetable salad.
Before bed: kefir (glass).
- Corn porridge.
- A piece of hard cheese (not fat).
- Herbal tea.
Snack: Pear dessert.
- Spaghetti or any such cooked al dente.
- Meat medallions on a vegetable cushion.
- Fresh cherry tomatoes.
- Fresh fruit compote.
Snack: curds with sour cream and raisins.
- Pumpkin stuffed with vegetables and meat.
- Fresh cabbage salad.
Before bed: milk (glass).
- Pearl barley porridge with carrots and onions.
- Vegetable salad.
- Green tea.
Snack: A handful of nuts (whatever).
- Mushroom puree soup.
- Dark bread toast.
- Fresh juice.
Snack: Berry Pie.
- Baked fish in foil.
- Fresh tomatoes.
Before bed: kefir (glass).
How to prepare meals for such a diet?
Below are a few recipes for men with BPH diet.
As you can see, they are easy to make at home.
Stuffed poultry fillet
To prepare this dish, you will need the following:
- Chicken or turkey, fillet - 500-750 grams.
- Rice - half a glass.
- Carrots - one (medium size).
- Bulbs - 1-2 pieces.
- Garlic - 5-6 teeth.
- Tomato juice - 0. 5 liters.
- Allspice - a little.
- Salt of your choice (but remember that the diet for prostatitis and BPH requires limiting this product).
- Basil and other herbs (can be dried).
- Any vegetable oil.
Chicken or turkey fillets must be cut lengthwise. Depending on its thickness, you can get from two to three thin slices. If it cannot be cut thinly, thick sections should be beaten off lightly with a kitchen hammer or rolling pin.
Peel the carrots and cut into thin strips and the onions into half rings. Peel the garlic and cut the prongs with a knife.
Rice should be thoroughly washed with several portions of water, boiled until tender, lightly held under the lid, then discarded in a colander and allowed to drain excess liquid. Then add onions, carrots, garlic, basil, pepper and salt to it. Mix everything well.
Place some minced rice on the fillet slices in the middle and wrap them in envelopes. To ensure that they do not fall apart during further processing, they should be secured with a toothpick or tied with a thread.
Pour some water into a large saucepan and bring to a boil. Add tomato juice, vegetable oil and onion there. Fry the fillet envelopes on all sides in a frying pan in a small amount of oil. The fire needs to be made quite intense. The meat should have a crust that protects it from drying out and keeps it juicy. Do not overcook it: nutrition for prostatitis and prostate adenoma should be light.
After frying, place the stuffed fillets in a saucepan with marinade and simmer until tender. Remove floss or toothpicks before serving.
Pike perch baked with lemon and herbs
You need the following components:
- Pike perch fillet - 400 grams.
- Ground bread crumbs - one teaspoon.
- Dill - bunch.
- Lemon is a thing.
- Vegetable oil - three tablespoons.
- Salt of your choice.
Remove all bones from the fish, rinse and dry with a kitchen towel. Prepare the marinade: mix the crackers, oil and salt. Add finely chopped dill. Brush the fish fillets with this mixture.
Transfer the fish to the oiled baking tray. In an oven preheated to 180 degrees, cook the fillets for about 15 minutes. It can be served on the table on lettuce leaves.